Skin diseases are highly noticeable medical situations because skin is highly visible. There are many skin diseases that affect many people and are reasonably easy to treat but can become chronic issues for some.
The most common kinds of skin diseases are treatable but chronic issues can cause problems with self-esteem and even become painful skin diseases that may hinder work. Here is a look at five of the most common skin diseases:
This type of skin condition is more often referred to as eczema and involves the inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis can result due to allergies or because of heredity. Itching and blisters are present which can be accompanied by itching and pain. Chronic conditions can involve the thickening of the skin and cracking as a result of constant scratching. Steroid creams and moisturizers can be helpful for pain relief but if the skin is infected, you may need antibiotic treatments.
A common skin disease for people of all ages, acne is formed when the passages between the oil glands and the pores of the skin become clogged. This often happens due to hormonal changes in the body. Depending on the severity of the acne, dermatologists recommend treatments ranging from over the counter creams to prescription medications.
When skin is no longer able to keep water, dry skin can become a chronic problem. Dry skin is often the result of age or the conditions of your environment. Skin can become rough, itchy, and scaly. Many people have chronically dry skin during the cold months of the year. Moisturizers are recommended and some people will need to avoid using irritating soaps and creams on their affected skin.
This skin condition is caused by heredity. The skin turns red and produces raised areas that turn scaly. Psoriasis often begins on elbows and knees. It is also common on the lower back and on the scalp. Psoriasis is believed to be the result of fast-growing skin cells that build up and if left untreated can become disfiguring. Lotions, medicated shampoos, prescription medications, and light therapy treatments can be effective at treating this condition.
Skin cancer comes in several forms. The most common is squamous cell carcinoma which affects the epidermis and causes growths that appear as red, scaly or crusty patches. Basal cell carcinoma affects the outer layer of the skin produce tumors that look like pimples or shiny pink patches of skin. Melanoma is less common but can prove deadly. More skin cancer deaths result from melanoma becomes it is an aggressive cancer that can occur anywhere on the body.