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Tips to Prevent Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion

When it comes to heat related injuries and illness, the best defense is prevention. When the temperatures rise, particularly on days when it’s extremely humid, the body is not always able to evaporate (sweat) to regulate it’s internal temperature. This is when heat stroke or heat exhaustion may occur. Here’s what you can do to prevent heat related injuries and illness:

  • take frequent, shaded breaks if you must work outdoors in the heat
  • drink large volumes of water – about a quart per hour
  • don’t over exert yourself
  • use air conditioning if possible; or fans in the windows
  • go to a public place with air conditioning if your home is too hot (library, malls, movie theaters, etc)
  • wear loose clothing
  • use sunblock and wear a hat
  • avoid caffeine
  • avoid alcohol

If you notice any of the following warning signs for heat exhaustion, take immediate action to prevent heat stroke:

  • pale skin
  • extreme fatigue or weakness
  • sweating profusely
  • dizzy
  • nausea
  • fast and shallow breathing
  • muscle cramps
  • quickened pulse

If you are experiencing these warning symptoms, be sure to find a cooler, shaded area to rest. Increase water and fluids with sugar and salt but avoid alcohol which can make heat stroke worse. If you are not feeling better in thirty minutes after resting, call your doctor. Heat exhaustion can very quickly progress to heat stroke, which can be fatal.

If you experience any of the following signs of heat stroke, seek immediate medical treatment:

  • skin that is hot but no sweat
  • headache
  • vomiting
  • confusion or loss of consciousness
  • trouble breathing
  • fever

Tolerating the heat of summer needs active safety participation, lots of fluids, and frequent breaks. Even when safety measures are in place, it is still possible to fall victim to the hot sun. If you have suffered heat stroke or other related conditions during work, you need to discuss your potential worker’s compensation claim with a legal professional. Contact our office toll free 866-205-2415 for a free consultation or use our confidential online form.

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